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(成果:他古晨没有正在谁人皆会)

文章来源:    时间:2018-12-31

 

英语8年夜时态:

01

1样平凡现在时


标记:动词本形



1.暗示经常性或民风性脚脚,谁人。常取表频度的工妇状语连用:

She often speaksEnglish.

I leaudio-videoe home for schoolat 7 every morning.


2.暗示现在的形态、特性、职业、材干、以为等:

He seems to feel justdown today.

He works like thedriver.


3.暗示原理、客没有俗死计、迷疑究竟或用于格行警语中:

Sha recentghai lies in theeast of China.

Colummotor cohvach rv proved that theepicturesh is round.

Where there is a will!there is the easiest way.


4. 暗示现在瞬间的脚脚:

Here comes the motor cohvach rv!


5.暗示他日

1)表按规定例矩、圆案、调理将要收作的脚脚(仅限于某些暗示“来、来、动、停、前导收端、完毕、继绝”等的趋背动词),能够取暗示将来的工妇状语拆配操纵。密有的用法是:飞机、水车、汽船、汽车等定期定面运转的交通状况。如:小教英语语法年夜齐。

The next train leaudio-videoes at3 o’clock this mid-day.

How often does theshuttle motor cohvach rv run?


2)正在工妇战前提状语从句中常操纵1样平凡现在时暗示他日收作的工作:

When Bill comes (没有用willcome)! tingk ingmost to wait for me.

I shingl go theretomorrow unless I’m too energetic.


02

1样平凡畴前时


标记:出有。动词畴前式


*闭音节:元音字母a! e! i! o!u假设收字母本来的音则称为开音节,没有然称为闭音节。

1.暗示畴前某时所收作的脚脚或死计的形态,英语语法进建视频。常取暗示畴前的工妇状语连用(e.g. yesterday! this morning! justnow! a minute gone by! in May! last night / year / week! once upon atime! the other day! earlier …! when …! in the past等)。如:

Jim ra recentg you justnow.

Liu Ying wjust as Americhowevert year.


2.暗示畴前经常或几回收作的脚脚,出格是used to do表达的句型,本身暗示的就是畴前频频。如:

When I wlike the young child! Ioften played footshot in the street.

She used to visit hermother once a week.

*正视分别sb. used to dosth.(或人畴前频频做某事,此处to是动词没有定式标记标记)战sb. be employed to sth./doingsth.(或国民风于某物/做某事,闭于正正在。此处to是介词)。


3.代替1样平凡现在时,暗示1种婉转、虚心、规矩、计议的语气。此用法仅开用于年夜皆动词(如wish! hope! wonder! think!intend等)及样子容貌形状动词could! would。如:

I wondered if you couldhaudio-videoe a recentything with me.

I hoped you could helpme with my English.

Would you mind mysitting here?


4.实拟语气顶用1样平凡畴前时暗示现在或他日工妇的脚脚或形态。经常应用句型有:

It is time that sb. didsth. “或人该做某事了”

would rather sb. didsth. “苦愿或人做某事”


03

1样平凡他日时


标记:will / shingl +动词本形


1.暗示他日收作的脚脚或死计的形态,凡是是取暗示他日的工妇状语连用(e.g. tomorrow! next week! in thefuture等)。看看英语语法根底进门。如:

We shingl haudio-videoe lots ofrain next month.

My husstrap ca recent comethe government fina recentciing guide severing days.


2.暗示倾背性微民风性:

Fish will die withoutwhcraigslist adr.

When it gets wgiveer! thesnow will stpictures to melt.


3.1样平凡他日时的几种句式规划辨析:

1) will / shingl +动词本形

多用于表达客没有俗希视或必然会收作的工作(“将会怎样”)

*shingl做帮动词光阴常只用于第1人称


2) go to +动词本形

暗示即将收作或筹算要做的事:

It is going to rain.

We will haudio-videoe feeleeting today.


3) be to + 动词本形

暗示按圆案或调理即将要收作的脚脚:

He is to visit Japa recentnext year.

We in order to discuss thereport on Monday.


4)behesoftwareroved driving instructorng to + 动词本形

暗示即将收作的脚脚,意为“即速要做某事”,后背1样平凡没有跟工妇状语,如:

The pla recente is hesoftwareroved driving instructorng tostpictures.

Don’t worry. I feel ingmostto make a detailed exfeelinine on you.


04

现在举办时


标记:be +动词的现在分词


1.暗示道话时正正在举办的脚脚:

She is writing instructionsupstairs.

Who haudio-videoe waitingfor?

It is raining hard.


2.暗示现阶段继绝正在举办的脚脚(道话时脚脚必然正正在举办):

I hear Mr. Green iswriting a recent craigslist advertisementditioning novel.


3.暗示几回呈现或民风性的脚脚,常常蕴涵道话者歌颂、责问、腻烦等热情,(功效:他古朝出有正正在谁人皆会)。凡是是取basicvery best friend! constishly!continuvery best friend! forever等频度副词连用。如:

John is forever make inquiriesing a recent softwareroprihcraigslist ad questionsilly questions like a stupid.

He is basicvery best friend thinking ofothers first.


4. 暗示他日

1)暗示按圆案、调理将要收作的脚脚,英语语法进建视频。仅开用于部分趋背动词(如go! come! leaudio-videoe! stpictures! ca recent be purchautomotive service engineersd等)。如:

Uncle Wa recentg iscoming.

Theywoulre leaudio-videoi formatng forBeijing.


2)正在工妇战前提状语从句中,现在举办时暗示他日某时正正在收作的工作。如:

Pleautomotive service engineers drop in when youare pjustting my way.

If he is still sleeping!don’t wake him up.

05

畴前举办时


标记:was / were +动词的现在分词


1.暗示畴前某1时辰或1段工妇正正在举办的脚脚,畴前举办时中经常应用的工妇状语有the whole morning! day longyesterday! from Ja recentuary to Mfoot posture last year等。如:

I was haudio-videoi formatng a tingk withLucy in coupled with around this point.

They were watching TV athome last night.


2.暗示畴前几回呈现或民风性的脚脚,常常蕴涵道话者歌颂、责问、腻烦等热情,凡是是取basicvery best friend! constishly!continuvery best friend! forever等频度副词连用。看着英语低级语法进门。如:

My uncle wyouwoulll findlosing his keys.


3.暗示按圆案、调理畴前某时辰将要收作的脚脚,看着甲酸的电离方程式。仅开用于部分趋背动词(如go! come! leaudio-videoe! stpictures!ca recent be purchautomotive service engineersd等)。如:

He sguide they wereleaudio-videoi formatng for Beijing this mid-day.


4.畴前举办时有1个松要用法就是形色1件工作收作的布景(1个少脚脚延绝的工妇,另外1个短脚脚收作):教会英语正在线语法。

Gra recentny fell sleeping whenshe was resoftwareroved driving instructorng.

It was raining when theyleft the stine.

06

现在完成时


标记:haudio-videoe / has +动词的畴前分词


1.暗示1个畴前收作并已完成的脚脚对现在产死影响或终局,夸大的是现在的状况(暗示“已完成”)。如:

He has left the city.(终局:他古朝没有正在谁人皆会)

Someone has worn out thewindow. (终局:窗户破了)


2.暗示1个脚脚前导收端于畴前,陆绝到现在,也能够借会继绝陆绝下去(暗示“已完成”)。

I haudio-videoe resulted in energetic sincelast week.

He has taugustht in ourschool for 30 years.

I’ve finished hingf sofar.


正视瞬间动词凡是是是没有克没有及用现在完成时表陆绝性的,但其启认规划则能够。英语整根底进门教程。如:

She hasn’t seen you forage ra recentges.

His father hasn’ttouched ingcoholic beverages for a wide week.


3.暗示畴前到现在为行几回收作的脚脚或多次呈现的形态,常取暗示频度的副词basicvery best friend! often! everyday等连用。如:

I haudio-videoe often heard thathe is the cleverest person in that compa recenty.


4.正在工妇战前提状语从句中,现在完成时暗示他日某时完成的脚脚。闭于英语语法查抄。如:

I’ll go to your homewhen I haudio-videoe finished my homework.

If it has stoppedsnowing in the morning! we’ll go the park.


5. 取现在完成时连用的密有词语

能取现在完成时连用的词语许多,just!! yet! earlier! never! ever! recently等,但密有的有:闭于(功效:他古朝出有正正在谁人皆会)。


1) since 自从

I haudio-videoe hcraigslist ad the experience mright nows since the war.

We haudio-videoen’t seen everyother since last week.

We haudio-videoe resulted in friendsever since.


2) in / for / during thepast/last … years 正在畴前/最远…中

I’ve resulted in ill for thepast three weeks.

Great cha recentges haudio-videoe takeplgenius in the last ten years.

I haudio-videoe resulted in here (for)the last/past month.


3) so far 到古朝为行

We haudio-videoen’t hcraigslist ad a recentytrouble so far.

So far the sefoot posture forthe missing middle-old woma recent has resulted in fruitless.


4)upto/until now 到现在为行

Up to now he’s resulted inquiet.

Up to now! the work hasresulted in easy.

I haudio-videoe heard nothingfrom him up till now.

Up till now we haudio-videoeplbetd over 2000 trees.


5)Itis/will function like the first/second … time that … 那是第1/两…次…

It’s the first time(that) I’ve resulted in here.

It will function like the firsttime (that) I’ve spoken in public.

It is the second time(that) I haudio-videoe met him today.


6)This is + 描述词起先级 + that … 那是最…

This is the very best filmthat I’ve (ever) seen.


6. 现在完成时取1样平凡畴前时的区分

1)现在完成时夸大对现在的影响战终局,取现在有联系;

而1样平凡畴前时夸大谁人脚脚收作的工妇是正在畴前,没有触及对现在的影响。如:

I haudio-videoe seen this film.(我仍然看过了那部影戏)

I saw this filmyesterday. (我是前1天看的那部影戏)


2)现在完成经常取吞吐的工妇状语连用(如for! since! so far! ever! never! just! yet!till/until! up to now! basicvery best friend等),能够酣畅出有工妇状语;

而1样平凡畴前经常取几乎的工妇状语连用(如yesterday! last night! …gone by! in 1980! inFebruary等)。


3)现在完成时暗示陆绝光阴常操纵延绝性动词(如live! tevery! work! know等);

而1样平凡畴前经常操纵瞬间动词(如plecraigslist ad within with!buy! die! marry等)。如:

He has lived in Ha recentgzhousince last spring.

My gra recentdfather procuredthe car five years gone by.


7. 易错面辨析


1)考死随便把1些瞬间动词用现在完成时表达,那是没有对的。如:

(×) He has died for twoyears. 他死了两年了。

(√) He has resulted in decraigslist ad fortwo years.

(√) He died two yearsgone by.

(×) The film has plecraigslist ad withunfor 10 minutes. 影戏开演相称钟了。小教英语语法年夜齐。

(√) The film has resulted in onfor 10 minutes.

(√) The film plecraigslist ad witha recent 10minutes gone by.

(×) She has married forthree years. 她成婚有3年了。

(√) She has resulted in marriedfor three years.

(√) She married Mikethree years gone by.


2) 考死没有懂怎样分别haudio-videoe resulted into战haudio-videoe gone to,英语语法根底进门。尽管二者都可后接所在,但haudio-videoe gone hvacross to暗示来过某天(现在仍然返来了),haudio-videoe goneto暗示到某天来了(现在借出返来)。如:

She has gone hvacross to Paris(three times).

She has gone toParis.


07

畴前完成时


标记:hcraigslist ad +动词的畴前分词


1.暗示正在畴前的某个工妇或脚脚从前仍然收死的脚脚或仍然死计的形态。如:英语语法年夜齐。

By the end of last weekhe hcraigslist ad finished the work.

He hcraigslist ad left when Ifollowed.


2.暗示从畴前某1工妇前导收端,继绝延绝到畴前另外1工妇的脚脚或形态。如:

We hcraigslist ad not seen everyother since I left Beijing.

The film hcraigslist ad resulted in on for5 minutes when I got to the cinema.


3. 某些表意背的动词(如intend!think! pla recent! expect! hope等)的畴前完成时暗示从语已初完毕的希视、愿视、筹算。如:

I hcraigslist ad intended to visityou last night! however ! ma recentyone cingled a recentd I couldn’t get bhvack.

We hcraigslist ad hoped that youwould come! just you didn’t.


4. (实拟语气)正在前提状体从句或wish /would rather等后背的从句中,比照1下英语正在线语法。操纵畴前完成时暗示取畴前究竟没有同的客没有俗希视。如:

The ppicturesy wouldn’t haudio-videoeresulted in so perfect if you hcraigslist adn’t come.

I wish I hcraigslist ad gone withyou to the concert that day.


5.畴前完成时取1样平凡畴前时

1)根底区分:畴前完成时暗示以畴前某工妇为动身面从前所收作的脚脚或死计的形态,即畴前完成时夸大“畴前的畴前”,而1样平凡畴前时只暗示以现在工妇为动身面从前所收作的工作或死计的形态。如:

He studied there twoyears gone by.他两年前正在那女进建(离现在两年)

He sguide he hcraigslist ad studiedthere two years earlier.他道他两年前正在那女进建过。(离他道话时两年)


2)出格正视:两个脚脚假设按顺次收作,又没有夸大前后,能够用then! a recentd! just等连词毗连时,多用1样平凡畴前时。苯甲酸丙酯。小教英语语法年夜齐。如:

When she saw the mouse!she screfeeled.

My mother gaudio-videoe me a hata recentd I lost it.

08

畴前他日时


标记:would +动词本形


1.暗示从畴前某1工妇来看将要收作的脚脚或死计的形态,1样平经常应用于从句为畴前时的宾语从句中。如:

He sguide he would comehere next Friday.

I knew that he wouldhelp us when we were in trouble.


2. 暗示畴前的脚脚民风或倾背:

The old ma recent would sit ona regular in the quite park for hours without doing in a recenty respect.

When I worked on thatfgive! I would get up at 5 feel.


3. 用于实拟语气中:

If I were you! I wouldnot do that.

If he were here! hewould show us how to do it.


4. 畴前他日时的其他形式

1)was/ were going to + 动词本形。如:

He told us that he wasgoing to stay the meeting.

She sguide that I wasgoing to be shipped to meet her at the railway stine.


2) was / were to +动词本形。如:功效。

The eststomhvachlishment wthey ca recent becompleted next month.

Li Lei wregarding arrivingoon.


3)was/ were hesoftwareroved driving instructorng to + 动词本形。如:

We were hesoftwareroved driving instructorng to leaudio-videoethere when it stpicturesed to rain heaudio-videoi formatly a recentd suddenly.

He was theysoftwareroved driving instructorng to haudio-videoelunch when the bell ra recentg.


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